Energy system of Denmark
Denmark has been an early leader in decarbonisation and in 2022 the government announced a net zero by 2045 target, aiming at 110% emissions reductions by 2050. Denmark’s technology leadership is important in the areas of offshore wind, biomethane and district heating. The government has expanded these categories to adopt a strategic focus on carbon capture and storage (CCUS) and hydrogen. The government has a robust energy and climate governance under the Danish Ministry of Climate, Energy and Utilities and ‘the year wheel’ of Climate Act of 2020 ensures annual policy actions and funding. Among IEA countries, Denmark has the highest share of wind electricity, which together with bioenergy and solar photovoltaic make up over 80% of the electricity mix. The district heating sector has practically phased out coal, contributing to lower reliance on fossil fuels in Denmark’s total energy supply than IEA average. Denmark is committed to end fossil fuel production by 2050 and reaching 100% biomethane in heating before 2030 has become a key priority.