Implement biofuels sustainability frameworks
Sustainability governance is essential to ensure that higher biofuel consumption provides tangible social, economic and environmental benefits, including lifecycle GHG emission reductions. Policy makers must establish frameworks to ensure that only biofuels that meet stringent sustainability requirements receive policy support. Adherence to sustainability criteria should be verified by third-party certification of biofuel supply chains. The European Union (through requirements in its Renewable Energy Directives), the United States (through minimum GHG thresholds in the federal Renewable Fuel Standard Program and the incorporation of indirect land-use change into the state of California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS)) and Brazil (through its RenovaBio programme) have established frameworks to codify some aspects of biofuel sustainability, but other countries must also ensure that rigorous sustainability governance is linked to biofuel policy support.