About this report
This 2023 update to our Net Zero Roadmap surveys the complex and dynamic energy landscape and sets out an updated pathway to net zero by 2050, taking account of the key developments that have occurred since 2021.
7% of cumulative emissions reductions
|Total bioenergy supply (EJ)||67||74||89||99|
|Share of advanced feedstock||45%||80%||85%||90%|
|Modern gaseous bioenergy (EJ)||1||7||9||15|
|Modern liquid bioenergy (EJ)||4||11||13||11|
|Share of advanced biofuels||12%||40%||55%||75%|
|Modern solid bioenergy (EJ)||35||55||65||73|
|Electricity and heat||9||15||21||30|
|Buildings and agriculture||5||9||8||6|
|Traditional use of solid biomass (EJ)||24||0||0||0|
|Million people using traditional biomass for cooking||2 049||0||0||0|
Advanced biofuels are being developed to enable net zero
Liquid biofuel production must expand 150% to reach levels required by 2030 in the NZE
HVO = hydrotreated vegetable oil. HEFA = hydrotreated esters and fatty acids. Bio-FT = biomass-based Fischer-Tropsch synthesis. Modern gaseous bioenergy refers to biogases, which comprise biogas and biomethane.