Moldova is almost fully dependent on fossil fuel and electricity imports, with natural gas serving most of its energy needs. The government plans to diversify the energy mix with renewables such as wind and solar. Moldova is part of the EU4Energy Programme, which focuses on improving evidence-based policy making for the energy sector.


Key energy statistics

Key recommendations, 2022

  • Strengthen the state bodies responsible for energy policy

    Enhance the institutional capacity and the staffing of the state bodies responsible for energy policy development and implementation and improve coordination and cooperation between them.

  • Improve energy security

    Further improve energy security through regional cooperation, regional market integration, diversification of routes and sources of supply in gas and electricity sectors and continue providing suitable conditions for developing local energy infrastructure and increasing energy efficiency.

  • Enhance institutional capacity in energy data

    In updating energy strategy and setting up specific targets, enhance institutional capacity in energy data collection, modelling and forecasting, resource assessment, and system integration of renewable energy to allow informed decision-making.

  • In cooperation with the energy regulator develop free, liberalised, competitive energy markets

    Accelerate the implementation of the legislation and regulations to transpose the provisions of the Third Energy Package. Ensure transparent and fair market rules and minimise state interference in the market operations.

  • Strengthen the energy regulator to support investment in the energy sector infrastructure

    Strengthen the independence, transparency and accountability of the Regulator (ANRE) to make sure it can adopt regulatory practices and methodologies that enable the much-needed private sector investments in the energy sector infrastructure without putting additional pressure on the state budget.

  • Protect vulnerable energy customers

    Make sure that vulnerable energy customers are protected by efficient targeted social protection measures.

  • Reinforce the collaboration between all energy actors and the relationship between all energy policy types

    Enhance the relationship between the energy policies and climate change, environmental and RD&D policies, and strengthen cooperation between the public and private stakeholders, civil society and academia, including through effective permanent working groups and policy dialogue.

  • Foster the public-private sector dialogue and communicate further on the ongoing energy sector reforms

    Reinforce the public-private dialogue on energy policy matters and develop a communication strategy for sector stakeholders and population on energy strategy and challenges for/ benefits of the ongoing reforms.

  • Further develop national energy statistics to improve the data quality…

    Ensure that the development of the unified electronic data reporting portal objectively reduces the burden on respondents, respects the confidentiality of the data and allows for amending the forms based on current needs. Transfer the responsibility of the active portal to the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) to allow for independent amendments and compliance with the principle of confidentiality.

  • … and to inform policy decisions

    Liaise with the Energy Efficiency Agency (EEA) and National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) to ensure that appropriate data are available for energy planning and for the development of energy efficiency indicators (e.g. gross value added by manufacturing subsector, building stock and transport activity data).

Moldova data explorer