Hydropower is the main source of energy in Tajikistan, followed by imported oil, gas and coal. However, Tajikistan's energy sector is prone to supply shocks, due to seasonal shortages. Energy policy focuses on providing uninterrupted energy access to all users while improving regional co‑operation and energy sector efficiency, but significant domestic and foreign investment will be necessary for continued energy sector development. Tajikistan is part of the EU4Energy Progamme, an initiative focused on evidence-based policymaking for the energy sector.


Key energy statistics

Key recommendations, 2015

  • Develop a medium- and long-term strategy for the country’s energy sector

    For diversity of supply and energy security, consider undertaking a geological survey to re-evaluate the country’s oil, gas and coal reserves and assess its solar, wind and geothermal potential. Under demand management, include an assessment of the potential for energy efficiency gains in all sectors of the economy.

  • Provide affordable electricity and deal with winter shortages

    Develop targeted social programmes for securing affordable electricity for the most vulnerable customers, especially in remote country areas. Use the remaining subsidies for emergency response mechanisms, such as for storage for required reserves for the thermal power plants. Develop a plan for energy-demand reduction, fostering energy savings.

  • Develop a methodology for electricity and gas tariffs

    Develop a roadmap for progressive tariff increases to a cost-reflective level, while securing affordability for the most vulnerable customers. Ensure necessary funds for maintenance and other investment projects, which would in turn manage demand as well as increase reliability.

  • Ensure the achievement of ongoing power-capacity development projects

    Continue the construction of the hydroelectric power plant Rogun HPP in an environmentally sound and timely manner to increase winter electricity capacity in the medium term and allow for greater electricity exports in the mid- to long term. Foster regional co-operation with neighbouring countries for the development of the transmission lines CASA 1000, and the establishment of electricity export markets.

  • Foster energy efficiency through various measures

    Establish a government entity in charge of assessing energy efficiency potential; develop energy efficiency policies and measures; and attract the required investment and expertise to implement the policies. Develop energy efficiency indicators to monitor progress.

Tajikistan data explorer