Kazakhstan is a significant producer of coal, crude oil and natural gas, and a major energy exporter. While coal dominates the country’s energy mix, renewable sources of energy are a small but growing share of Kazakhstan’s electricity generation. Gas pipeline network expansion remains a priority, in order to expand access and reduce reliance on coal and LPG for household consumption. Kazakhstan is part of the EU4Energy Progamme, an initiative focused on evidence-based policymaking for the energy sector.


Key energy statistics

Key recommendations, 2015

  • Further develop the national fuel and energy strategy to 2030 with an outlook to 2050

    Consider extending policy scenarios based on fuel switching with various price alternatives by developing additional scenarios analysing a range of fuel mixes and demand-side options.

  • Maximise the use of existing energy data

    Identify additional data requirements, take steps to acquire and keep up-to-date the data necessary to develop tools for strategic planning and monitoring of the supply, demand and consumption of energy throughout the economy.

  • Develop an analytical centre for policy making

    Consider establishing an analytical centre to interpret statistics and provide modelling in order to inform policy making.

  • Maximise energy efficiency gains, especially in the building and transport sectors

    Co-ordinate effective implementation of demand-side policies, especially in the energy efficiency and district heating segments. Scale up efforts to raise public awareness of available mechanisms and incentives for energy savings, with particular emphasis on the buildings, residential and transport sectors.

  • Establish an attractive and stable energy-investment framework

    Ensure stable, predictable, fair and transparent investment procedures, with clear steps for energy sector investment developments to encourage the public and private investments required for effective energy markets.

Kazakhstan data explorer