IEA (2023), National Reliance on Russian Fossil Fuel Imports, IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/reports/national-reliance-on-russian-fossil-fuel-imports, License: CC BY 4.0
These indicators show the ratio of Russian imports to domestic fuel consumption of each fuel, and as a share of total energy supply for all fossil fuels. Please note that the individual indicators cannot be aggregated as they are computed on different basis (total energy supply for each fuel).
Coal includes primary coal, coal products, peat and peat products. Oil shale and shale oils are excluded.
Total oil comprises crude oil and oil products.
2022 Provisional data were unfortunately unavailable for the summer 2023 release.
The results of this calculation can lead to ratios higher than 100%, which mean that a country imports more energy than consumed in a certain year. This situation can happen in the following situations:
- Some of the quantities imported are stocked and not consumed. Similarly, some can go to aviation or marine bunkers.
- Some quantities imported are re-exported, meaning that some transit trade is captured in the figures.
- In the specific case of Oil, crude oil and oil products are computed together. Some countries import crude oil, refine it, and export oil products, which can lead, when computed all together, to figures of imports higher than TES, as a significant part is exported.
Please refer to the IEA data services Documentation for comprehensive information on definitions and detailed country notes: