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World total energy supply by source, 1971-2019

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Global share of total energy supply by source, 2019

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Global share of total energy supply by source, 1973

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OECD total energy supply by source, 1971-2020

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OECD share of total energy supply by source, 2020

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OECD share of total energy supply by source, 1973

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World total energy supply by region, 1971-2019

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Share of total energy supply by OECD region, 2019

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Share of total energy supply by OECD region, 1973

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World total energy supply by IEA region, 1971-2019

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IEA regional share of total energy supply, 2019

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IEA regional share of total energy supply, 1973

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World total energy supply by region, 1990-2019

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Regional share of total energy supply, 2019

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Regional share of total energy supply, 1990

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OECD total energy supply by region, 1971-2020

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OECD regional share of total energy supply, 2020

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OECD regional share of total energy supply, 1973

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Oil

World crude oil production by region, 1971-2020

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Regional share of crude oil production, 2020

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Regional share of crude oil production, 1973

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Producers

Mt

% of world total

United States

706

17.0

Russian Federation

512

12.4

Saudi Arabia

511

12.3

Canada

255

6.2

Iraq

201

4.9

People's Rep. of China

195

4.7

United Arab Emirates

174

4.2

Brazil

153

3.7

Kuwait

131

3.2

Islamic Rep. of Iran

130

3.1

Rest of the world

1 173

28.3

World

4 141

100.0

Notes: 2020 provisional data. Includes production of crude oil, NGL, feedstocks, additives and other hydrocarbons. Excludes liquids from other fuel sources (renewables, coal and natural gas).Source: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2021.

Net exporters

Mt

Saudi Arabia

352

Russian Federation

269

Iraq

195

Canada

154

United Arab Emirates

148

Kuwait

102

Nigeria

99

Kazakhstan

70

Angola

63

Mexico

59

Others

531

Total

2 042

Net importers

Mt

People's Rep. of China

505

India

227

United States

202

Japan

149

Korea

145

Germany

86

Spain

66

Italy

65

Netherlands

62

Singapore

53

Others

509

Total

2 069

Notes: 2019 data. Includes production of crude oil, NGL, feedstocks, additives and other hydrocarbons. Excludes liquids from other fuel sources (renewables, coal and natural gas).Source: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2021.

Natural gas

World natural gas production by region, 1971-2020

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Regional share of natural gas production, 2020

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Regional share of natural gas production, 1973

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Producers

bcm

% of world total

United States

949

23.6

Russian Federation

722

18.0

Islamic Rep. of Iran

235

5.9

People’s Rep. of China

191

4.8

Canada

184

4.6

Qatar

167

4.2

Australia

148

3.7

Norway

116

2.9

Saudi Arabia

99

2.5

Algeria

92

2.3

Rest of the world

1 111

27.5

World

4 014

100.0

Notes: 2020 provisional data. Net exports and net imports include pipeline gas and LNG. Sources: IEA, Natural Gas Information, 2021.

Net exporters

bcm

Russian Federation

230

Qatar

127

Norway

111

Australia

103

United States

77

Turkmenistan

56

Canada

47

Algeria

41

Nigeria

27

Malaysia

22

Others

176

Total

1 017

Net importers

bcm

People’s Rep. of China

125

Japan

105

Germany

83

Italy

66

Mexico

64

Korea

54

Turkey

47

France

37

United Kingdom

34

India

34

Others

324

Total

973

Notes: 2020 provisional data. Net exports and net imports include pipeline gas and LNG. Sources: IEA, Natural Gas Information, 2021.

Coal

World coal production by region, 1971-2020

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Regional share of coal production, 2020

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Regional share of coal production, 1973

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Producers

Mt

% of world total

People’s Rep. of China

3 764

49.7

India

760

10.0

Indonesia

564

7.4

Australia

493

6.5

United States

485

6.4

Russian Federation

398

5.3

South Africa

247

3.3

Germany

107

1.4

Poland

101

1.3

Kazakhstan

100

1.3

Rest of the world

556

7.4

World

7 575

100.0

Notes: 2020 provisional data. Includes steam coal, coking coal, lignite and recovered coal. Sources: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2021; IEA, Coal Information, 2021.

Net exporters

Mt

Indonesia

396

Australia

390

Russian Federation

188

South Africa

62

United States

58

Colombia

30

Mongolia

29

Canada

26

Kazakhstan

24

Mozambique

7

Others

2

Total

1 212

Net importers

Mt

People’s Rep. of China

306

India

210

Japan

183

Korea

123

Chinese Taipei

63

Viet Nam

52

Turkey

40

Malaysia

31

Germany

29

Thailand

25

Others

202

Total

1 264

Notes: 2020 provisional data. Includes steam coal, coking coal, lignite and recovered coal. Sources: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2021; IEA, Coal Information, 2021.

Nuclear

World nuclear electricity production by region, 1971-2019

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Regional share of nuclear electricity production, 2019

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Regional share of nuclear electricity production, 1973

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Producers

TWh

% of world total

United States

843

30.2

France

399

14.3

People’s Rep. of China 

348

12.5

Russian Federation

209

7.5

Korea

146

5.2

Canada

101

3.6

Ukraine

83

3.0

Germany

75

2.7

Sweden

66

2.4

Japan

64

2.3

Rest of the world

456

16.3

World

2 790

100.0

Notes: 2019 data. Excludes countries with no nuclear production. Sources: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2021; IEA, Electricity Information, 2021.

Net installed capacity

GW

United States

97

France

61

People’s Rep. of China 

48

Japan 

32

Russian Federation

29

Korea

23

Canada

14

Ukraine

13

United Kingdom

9

Germany

8

Rest of the world

60

World

393

Sources: International Atomic Energy Agency

Country
(top ten producers)

% of nuclear in total domestic electricity generation

France

69.9

Ukraine

53.9

Sweden

39.3

Korea

25.1

United States

19.2

Russian Federation

18.6

Canada

15.7

Germany

12.3

Japan

6.1

People’s Rep. of China 

4.6

Rest of the world

9.1

World

10.3

Notes: 2019 data. Excludes countries with no nuclear production. Sources: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2021; IEA, Electricity Information, 2021.

Hydroelectricity

World hydroelectricity production by region, 1971-2019

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Regional share of hydroelectricity production, 2019

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Regional share of hydroelectricity production, 1973

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Producers

TWh

% of world total

People’s Rep. of China

1 304

30.1

Brazil

398

9.2

Canada

380

8.8

United States

311

7.2

Russian Federation

197

4.5

India

172

4.0

Norway

126

2.9

Turkey

89

2.1

Japan

88

2.0

Viet Nam

66

1.5

Rest of the world

1 199

27.7

World

4 329

100.0

Notes: 2019 data. Includes electricity production from pumped storage. Excludes countries with no hydro production. Sources: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2021; IEA, Renewables Information, 2021.

Net installed capacity

GW

People’s Rep. of China

356

Brazil

110

United States

103

Canada

81

Russian Federation

54

Japan

50

India

49

Norway

33

Turkey

29

France

26

Rest of the world

417

World

1 308

Sources: IEA, Renewable energy market update, United Nations Statistics Division.

Country
(top ten producers)

% of hydro in total domestic electricity generation

Norway

93.4

Brazil

63.5

Canada

58.8

Turkey

29.2

Viet Nam

27.8

Russian Federation

17.5

People’s Rep. of China

17.4

India

10.6

Japan

8.4

United States

7.1

Rest of the world

14.2

World

16.0

Notes: 2019 data. Includes electricity production from pumped storage. Excludes countries with no hydro production. Sources: IEA, Renewable Energy Market Update; United Nations Statistics Division; IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2021; IEA, Renewables Information, 2021.

Wind

World wind electricity production by region, 2005-2019

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Regional share of wind electricity production, 2019

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Regional share of wind electricity production, 2005

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Producers

TWh

% of world total

People’s Rep. of China

406

28.4

United States

298

20.9

Germany

126

8.8

India

70

4.9

United Kingdom

64

4.5

Brazil

56

3.9

Spain

56

3.9

France

35

2.4

Canada

33

2.3

Turkey

22

1.5

Rest of the world

262

18.5

World

1 427

100.0

Notes: 2019 data. Excludes countries with no wind production. Sources: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2021; IEA, Renewables Information, 2021; IEA, Renewable Energy Market Update, 2021.

Net installed capacity

GW

People’s Rep. of China

210.3

United States

103.7

Germany

60.9

India

37.7

Spain

25.5

United Kingdom

24.0

France

16.3

Brazil

15.4

Canada

13.4

Italy

10.7

Rest of the world

105.1

World

622.9

Country
(top ten producers)

% of wind in total domestic electricity generation

Germany

20.7

Spain

20.4

United Kingdom

19.9

Brazil

8.9

Turkey

7.2

United States

6.8

France

6.1

People’s Rep. of China

5.4

Canada

5.1

India

4.3

Rest of the world

3.0

World

5.3

Notes: 2019 data. Excludes countries with no wind production. Rest of the world excludes countries with no wind production. Sources: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2021; IEA, Renewables Information, 2021; IEA, Renewable Energy Market Update, 2021.

Solar

World solar PV electricity production by region, 2005-2019

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Regional share of solar PV electricity production, 2019

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Regional share of solar PV electricity production, 2005

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Producers

TWh

% of world total

People’s Rep. of China

224

32.9

United States

94

13.8

Japan

69

10.1

India

51

7.4

Germany

46

6.8

Italy

24

3.5

Australia

15

2.2

Korea

13

1.9

United Kingdom

13

1.9

France

12

1.8

Rest of the world

120

17.7

World

681

100.0

Notes: Excludes countries with no solar PV production. Sources: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2021; IEA, Renewables Information, 2021; IEA, Renewable Energy Market Update, 2021.

Net installed capacity

GW

People’s Rep. of China

205.2

United States

75.7

Japan

63.1

Germany

49.2

India

37.6

Italy

20.9

Australia

15.9

United Kingdom

13.6

Korea

11.2

France

10.5

Rest of the world

99.7

World

602.6

Country
(top ten producers)

% of solar PV in total domestic electricity generation

Italy

8.1

Germany

7.6

Japan

6.6

Australia

5.6

United Kingdom

4.0

India

3.1

People’s Rep. of China

3.0

Korea

2.2

United States

2.1

France

2.1

Rest of the world

1.3

World

2.5

Note: Excludes countries with no solar PV production. Sources: IEA, World Energy Statistics, 2021; IEA, Renewables Information, 2021; IEA, Renewable Energy Market Update, 2021.