WEO Week: Sectoral transitions to new energy industries

Pulp & paper

Biomass materials are the main feedstock to the pulp and paper industry. Over the last almost two-decades the sector has experienced a decoupling of energy use from production thanks to energy efficiency improvements and process integration measures.

Pulp Paper Jpg

Key findings

Final energy demand in pulp and paper in the Sustainable Development Scenario, 2000-2030


Reducing energy use by the pulp and paper industry will require greater recycling and waste heat recovery

Final energy use in pulp and paper grew by an average 0.3% annually during 2000-18, while paper and paperboard output increased 1.4% annually. In the SDS, energy use declines 0.6% per year to 2030 but annual paper and paperboard production expands 1.2%. This situation will necessitate greater recycling, as recycled production requires considerably less energy. Using a higher share of bioenergy and adopting waste heat recovery technologies will also be important.