Energy system of Uganda

In 2019, Uganda’s energy mix was dominated by fuel wood and charcoal followed by a small share of oil products. The country produces electricity mainly from hydroelectric plants. Between 2017 and 2019, electrification outpaced population growth in Uganda. However in 2020, less than 5% of the population had access to clean cooking.

The Electricity Connection Policy was introduced in 2018 with the ambition of increasing Uganda’s electricity access to 60 percent by 2027 through connection subsidies for consumers located close to the existing network. About 300,000 households and businesses have received free electricity connections, benefiting 1.5 million Ugandans. Implemented by the Rural Electrification Agency, the policy also provides low-cost wiring solutions (such as “ready boards”) for the poor and bulk supplies of connection materials to service providers to enable them to make new connections.