The Opinions on Accelerating the Construction of Ecological Civilization are a high-level strategy issued by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council. As a high-level strategy, the opinions span across many areas of government with the intention to embed principles of ecological civilization in all relevant policy areas.
Energy conservation, especially in the development of green industries, is a key pillar. The Opinions also explicitly promote market mechanisms such as public-private partnerships (PPP), energy performance contracting, energy savings trading, and carbon emissions trading. The opinions also specify that the private sector will be increasingly engaged in energy efficiency improvement.