Smart Cities Mission envisions developing an area within 100 cities in the country as model areas based on an area development plan. Each city is to create a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), headed by a full-time CEO, to implement the Smart Cities Mission. Centre and state government will provide funding to the company, as equal contribution. The company has to raise additional funds from the financial market as a debt or equity. The selection of cities is done in two stages. In the first, 100 smart cities were distributed among the states and UTs on the basis of equitable criteria. In the second stage, each potential city had prepared its Smart City Proposals, which contained the model chosen (retrofitting or redevelopment or greenfield development or a mix thereof) and additionally include a pan-city dimension. Integrated command and control centres (ICCC) are to be set up. The ICCCs are designed to enable authorities to monitor the status of various amenities in real time. The centres will control and monitor online water and power supply, sanitation, traffic movement, integrated building management, city connectivity and Internet infrastructure. Implementation is ongoing with the first 20 city projects (selected in January 2016) expected to be completed in 2021.