As part of the reform of the German Renewable Energy Law in 2014 renewable energy capacity will be procured in Germany via auction system from 2017. In order to ease in to the new system Germany introduced pilot version of the auction system for ground-mounted solar PV.
The aim of the pilot auction for ground-mounted PV installations is to achieve the expansion targets for renewables in a cost-efficient manner. The pilot auction has ensured that new ground-mounted PV installations are being built while maintaining a high level of public acceptance and stakeholder diversity. At the same time, experience is being gathered for future auctions for other types of renewable energy.
The Ordice was adopted by the cabinet on 28 January 2015 and published in the Federal Law Gazette on 11 February 2015.
Auction system is open only for the ground-mounted solar PV installations with capacity no larger than 10 MW per project and no smaller than 100 kW.
Three auctions per year are planned between 2015 and 2017 according to the following schedule:
- 15 April 2015 - 150MW
- 1 August 2015 - 150MW
- 1 December 2015 - 200MW
- 1 April 2016 - 125MW
- 1 August 2016 - 125MW
- 1 December 2016 - 150MW
- 1 April 2017 - 100MW
- 1 August 2017 - 100MW
- 1 December 2017 - 100MW
Every auction will have an upper bid price limit which will be set by the value of the feed-in tariff for rooftop systems >40kW and < 1MW.
Bids will be made on project capacity in kW and production in euro cents per kWh.
Bidders must provide a deposit of EUR 4/kW bid. The winning bids must provide a secondary deposit of EUR 50/kW within ten working days of the auction winners announcement.
Projects will be remunerated by kWh fed into the grid according to the bid price and not by capacity. The winning bids may not be traded, although entire projects can be.