China Energy White Paper 2012

Last updated: 16 April 2021

The China Energy White Paper was announced in October 2012. The Paper is a strategy document identifying problems in Chinese energy sector and providing plan to further develop its energy supply system in order to meet ever growing energy demand.

The White Paper consists of nine chapters. Chapter number four is devoted to the new and renewable energy development.


China plans to increase the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to 11.4 % and increase that of installed generating capacity from non-fossil fuels to 30 % by the end of 2015.

Vigorously developing new and renewable energy is a key strategic measure for promoting the diversified and clean energy development and for fostering new strategic industries, China will actively develop hydropower, solar power and wind power generation, seek safe and efficient ways of developing nuclear power, as well as utilize biomass energy and other types of renewable energy.


China will stress both intensive and distributed exploitation, and optimize the development layout of wind power. It will push forward wind power construction in an orderly way in the north-western, northern and north-eastern regions, which boast abundant wind energy, and speed up the development and utilization of distributed resources.

Developing and utilizing biomass energy, using crop stalks, grain-processing residues and bagasse as fuels in major producing areas of grain and cotton; and carefully develop woody biomass power generation in forest-covered areas.

China aims to large on-grid photovoltaic power stations and solar power generation projects in Qinghai and Gansu provinces, and the Xinjiang Uygur and Inner Mongolia autonomous regions, which boast abundant solar energy and scattered plots of unutilized land, for the purpose of increasing local supplies of electricity.

China will energetically develop distributed energy resources on the principle of giving priority to local supply, feeding the surplus into the grid, development based on local conditions, and accelerate the construction of distributed energy systems (DES) for natural gas at energy load centers.

By 2015, the nation is aiming to establish a total of 200 green-energy counties and 1,000 villages using solar energy as demonstrations.


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