The National Electrification Scheme targets 100% electrification by 2020, as opposed to a 54% in 2010. Concerns over energy shortfalls are driving the governments research towards energy alternative sources, such as renewable energies. The plan main objective is to expand electricity supply to all communities with population above 500 inhabitants by 2020. To do so, the Electrification Scheme relies on two practical programmes, namely: The Self-Help Electrification Programme (SHEP) for communities within 20 km of existing 11/33 kV grid lines; the Specific Strategy for remote off-grid and island communities, providing financial support to initial PV products investment. The National Electrification Scheme also supports research and development in the field of renewable energies, and promotes renewable rural systems mainly solar, wind, biogas, small and mini hydro. Research will be financed by the Energy Fund, a national support mechanism funded by a fixed levy of USD 0,06/litre on gasoline, kerosene and diesel fuel products produced in Ghana.