The Act regulates the rights and obligations of participants in the renewable electricity market and conditions of support for the purchase and registration of electricity production from renewable sources.
The purpose of the Act is to:
- Support the use of renewable sources of energy, i.e. wind energy, solar energy, geothermal energy, water energy, soil energy, air energy, biomass energy, landfill gas energy, sewage gas energy and biogas energy.
- Constant increasing of the share of renewable sources in the consumption of primary energy sources, economical use of natural resources and meeting of an indicative target of the share of electricity produced from renewable sources in the gross consumption of electricity in the Czech Republic at 8 % by 2010.
The support applies to the production of electricity from renewable sources generated in facilities in the Czech Republic using renewable sources and it has been determined differently subject to the type of a particular renewable source, level of installed capacity of the generating plant and also, for instance, by parameters of biomass. The support applies also to the production of electricity from mine gas from closed mines.
The Act sets prices for renewable electricity separately for individual types of renewable sources and green bonuses, the manner of regular assessment of the share of electricity produced from renewable sources is the gross consumption of electricity for the previous calendar year and the calculation of anticipated impacts of support on the overall price of electricity for end customers in the next calendar year.
The Act also provides for the performance of controls through the National Energy Inspection and the amount of individual penalties for administrative delays.
The Act comes into effect on the first day of the third calendar month following the date of its promulgation, i.e. as from 1 August 2005.