There have been long-term energy RD & D programmes in Sweden since 1975. The 1997 Long-term Energy Policy Programme addressed RD & D. It included a 7 year R & DD programme of SEK 5.6 billion (EUR 93 mln per year) for RE sources and new energy technology. The main target of the programme was to reduce the costs of the use of the renewables so as to make them more viable alternatives to nuclear power and fossil fuels. Biomass research, development and demonstration received total funding of about SEK 400 million (EUR 36 million) per year from the government. Electricity companies and other industries also provided funds. The main areas of support were combustion and conversion technologies, demonstration of pre-competitive technologies, fuel production, harvesting supply programmes and ashes recycling.