The Green Energy Family Movement (GEF), initiated by KEMCO in 1995, is a partnership movement to engage the voluntary participation of citizens, companies, NGOs and the press in CO2 reduction and energy savings. Any entity willing to participate in GEF programmes must submit an application to the GEF Centre and establish a voluntary agreement to pursue the goal of the particular GEF programme. Currently, GEF movement is directed toward four programmes: GEF TASK I Green Lighting Programme (1996~) The Green Lighting Programme is a project to replace 90% of conventional lighting facilities with high efficiency bulbs within three years. It aims to reduce 20% of electricity use for lighting which accounts for 18% of total electricity consumption. GEF TASK II Green Motor Programme (1997~) The Green Motor Programme is a project to replace industrial motors with highly efficient motor systems. Its aim is to reduce energy use by motors by 5.5% within ten years, which is equal to the output of a 2.1 million kW power plant. Electric motors account for 60% of total electricity consumption by industry. GEF TASK III Green Energy Design Programme (1998~) The Green Energy Design Programme is a project to construct new buildings with lower energy consumption than conventional ones. It demands that green energy design standards be applied in more than 90% of total projects from the construction design stage, three years after the agreement. GEF TASK IV Green Cooling Programme (1999~) The Green Cooling Programme is a project to diffuse alternative cooling facilities to reduce the consumption of electricity for cooling purposes. It aims at 100% substitution by a green cooling facility within five years. The dramatic increase of cooling demand, 10% annually, has caused instability in the electricity supply. As of 2000, a total of 726 companies participate at 1 529 sites; 477 in the Green Lighting, 106 in the Green Motor, 66 in the Green Energy Design and 77 in the Green Cooling Programme.