Energy Labelling of Larger Buildings (Eco-scheme)

Last updated: 5 November 2017
The energy labelling of buildings in Denmark was developed in the context of a long history of energy saving policy initiatives. Energy labelling was and is still seen as an important way to achieve energy savings in buildings - both existing and new - since the potential for energy savings in these areas is considered quite large. The annual supervision of larger buildings (more than 1 500 square metres) is carried out by between 500 and 700 specially trained consultants. About 25 000 buildings are concerned. Every month all buildings, except industrial buildings, and those with very low energy consumption, with a surface of more than 1 500 square metres must register their consumption of heat, electricity and water. Once a year, a consultant makes an audit comprising an Energy Label and an Energy Plan. The Energy Label evaluates the consumption of heat, electricity and water on scales from A to M (A is best) in comparison with average figures for comparable buildings. The Energy Plan informs the building owner about relevant measures for energy saving in the short and long run. This programme replaces the VKO programme (statutory heat inspection of larger heat furnaces) in operation since 1981. The new programme was evaluated in 2000 and the major conclusions were that the programme works very well for those who participate in it, but around half of the buildings still do not fulfil the requirements. Lack of awareness of the existence of the programmes contributed to non-participation. The energy savings in the buildings following the programme are larger than in those outside the scheme. Furthermore, the investments in energy savings are more focused in buildings participating in the programme and those responsible for energy are more aware of the results of investments.

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