(Victoria) Mineral Resources (Sustainable Development) Act 1990

Last updated: 11 December 2023

The Mineral Resources Sustainable Development Act of 1990 encourages mineral exploration and economically viable mining and extractive industries which make the best use of, and extract the value from, resources in a way that is compatible with the economic, social and environmental objectives of the State. The Act establishes a legal framework providing for the granting and co-ordination of mineral licenses, the mitigation of environmental and health risks, effective consultation mechanisms and dispute resolution procedures. Mineral exploration and exploitation must remain consistent with the Native Title Act 1993 of the Commonwealth and the Victorian Land Titles Validation Act 1994
Sections 11 and 12 of the Act establish mineral ownership conditions and the amount of royalties to be paid according to extractive activity. 
Section 77T requires an Environmental Effects Plan, and subsequent Sections require the planning and implementation of land rehabilitation under the supervision of the Mine Land Rehabilitation Authority. 

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