Submitted to the Climate & Clean Air Coalition (CCAC), the EU's Methane Action Plan outlines policies and activities that will support the Global Methane Pledge (GMP) to reduce global emissions by 30% by 2030. The EU's long-term policy goal is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions towards climate neutrality by 2050.
Section 1 of the Plan describes the sources and trends in EU's methane emissions. Data in this section comes from EU greenhouse gas inventories. The agriculture sector represents 54% of methane emissions — the largest source of methane emissions in the EU. Emissions in this sector have been reduced by 21% compared to 1990 levels. The energy sector has the smallest contribution of 17% of methane emissions in the EU due to mitigation efforts in the fuel industry contributing a 60% reduction. The waste management sector is also mentioned, representing 27% of methane emissions and a 37% reduction.
Section 2 it describes existing EU policies that have contributed to reduction, a review of these policies and additional policies to achieve higher methane emission reductions. Existing policies include:
- European Climate Law;
- EU Emissions Trading System;
- Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry Regulation;
- Effort Sharing Regulation; and
- EU Methane Strategy
The Plan lists the following policies specific to each sector:
- The new Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) for the period 2023-2027
- Farm to Fork Strategy
- Waste Management
- Waste Framework Directive
- Landfill Directive
- Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive
- Sewage Sludge Directive
- Energy Sector
- Legislative proposal to reduce methane emissions in the energy sector
- Revision proposal for the Energy Efficiency Directive
- Revision proposal for the Renewable Energy Directive
Section 3 describes the impact of increased climate ambition, which has historically been reduced steadily since 1990 — 36% in total.
Section 4 describes how the EU intends to Monitor and Report on its progress on reducing methane emissions, as well as on the policies and measures that directly impact sectoral methane emissions.