Decree №202 On further improvement of economic mechanisms for environmental protection in the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Last updated: 28 April 2022

The Decree defines a system for compensation for environmental pollution through compensatory payments. These apply to emissions of atmospheric pollutants from stationary and mobile sources. 

Compensatory payments are due for the entire emissions volume. The calculation of the amount of compensatory payments depends on regulated indicators and, in each case, a separate calculation formula is applied: 
- for emissions below established standards; 
- in case of environmental pollution exceeding established standards;
- in emergency cases or one-time release of harmful substances.

Companies that violate local and international environmental standards are subject to penalty fees for environmental pollution. The amount due for the emission of pollutants is determined by the ratio of pollution to fixed environmental standards and is varies from 1 to 20 times the amount.  For example, if the mass of a particular pollutant exceeds specified standards by a factor of two, the compensation will be equal to twice the fixed rate for that substance.

If the standard for a certain type of environmental pollution is not fixed or has become invalid, the amount of the fine is determined according to the classification of the potential level of harm from I to IV (I corresponds to highest category of risk). The amount of compensation for classes I and II is 20 times, for levels III-IV it is 10 times the compensation of the fixed amount.

The basic rate for the emission of one ton of methane is 0.692 to the established base value. As of September 2021, the base value corresponds to about 270 000 UZS (~24 USD), so one ton of methane is equivalent to around 17 USD.

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