The sultanate of Oman has engaged through its intended Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to reduce its absolute greenhouse gas emission by 2% by 2030. The second NDC, submitted in 2021, includes a plan to reach this objective. This plan is also integrated into Oman’s 2040 vision and the national energy strategy to support a gradual transition to a low carbon economy and to lower carbon emissions from the energy sector.
The plan relies on two pillars: one is large-scale renewable development and increasing energy efficiency; and the other a carbon reduction plan for the oil and gas industry. For power supply, Oman is looking to integrate renewables in its energy portfolio and to increase power plants’ efficiency. Plus, the country has started to introduce fiscal improvements to enhance energy conservation in end-use activities. These measures are expected to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 7% in 2030, equivalent to 125 MtCO2e.
For the oil and gas sector, Oman has envisaged in its NDC the following measures:
1. Shifting power sources to renewable energy;
2. Significantly reduce gas flaring;
3. Improving the efficiency of the existing facilities;
4. Reducing methane and fugitive emissions;
5. Electrification of equipment.
The plan indicates Oman takes part in the World Bank’s Zero Routine Flaring by 2030 initiative and looks to achieve a zero-emissions sector by 2050. The industry is to develop economically viable solutions to phase out routine flaring as quickly as possible.