With the support of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the Government of Colombia has put in place a roadmap for the development of low-carbon hydrogen for the period 2021-2030.
This roadmap is framed within four areas: 1) legal and regulatory enablers, 2) market development instruments, 3) support for infrastructure deployment, 4) technological and industrial development.
These measures will be implemented in three phases:
1) Lay the foundations for hydrogen market, actions to be carried out in the short term (2 years) with the aim to establish a solid foundation of the market.
2) Enable and promote market development, actions to be carried out in the medium term (5 years) with the aim of stimulating early participants in the market and scale up the entire value chain.
3) Monitor and enables new uses, actions to be carried out in the medium/long term.
The roadmap outlines the objectives by 2030:
- 1-3 GW installed electrolysers capacity, implying the installation of at least 1.5-4 GW of unconventional renewable energy sources - FNCER (Fuentes No Convencionales de Energía Renovable)
- 50 kt of hydrogen produced from fossil sources equipped with carbon capture system (CCUS)
- production cost of 1.7 USD/kg H2 for electrolytic hydrogen
- 1500-2000 light-duty fuel cell vehicles and 1000-1500 heavy-duty fuel cell vehicles
- 50-100 public HRS
- 40% low-carbon hydrogen use in industry
In the period 2030-2050, the roadmap envisions the competitiveness of low-carbon hydrogen in many applications, with increase volumes of production and demand and the beginning of export routes to other countries.