In 2019, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) released the Roadmap for Carbon Recycling Technologies to specify goals, technological challenges and timeframes regarding carbon recycling technologies and accelerate innovation.
In 2021, METI updated the roadmap to align with its carbon neutrality by 2050 goal. Key points of the update include:
- Adding new technological areas: direct air capture and synthetic fuels
- Revising carbon recycling timeframes: early widespread adoption by 2030 (same as orginal roadmap), widespread adoption by 2040 (up from 2050 in the original roadmap)
- Increasing international cooperation: in light of the progress being seen in terms of international cooperation, details about the efforts concerned have been added. (Examples include holding an industry-academia-government international conference on Carbon Recycling, signing a memorandum of cooperation with the United States, Australia, and the UAE, and signing a Japan-U.S. climate partnership.)