National Action Plan on Climate Change

Last updated: 12 May 2021
India adopted its first National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) in 2008. The plan outlines existing and future policies and programmes directed at climate change mitigation and adaptation through eight national missions running up to 2017. The missions are wide ranging, targeting energy efficiency and renewable energy, as well as other climate change related issues. The various missions each have a lead ministry that is responsible for developing objectives, implementing strategies, timelines, and monitoring. The Prime Minister Council for Climate Change is responsible for undertaking periodic reviews and reporting on the missions' progress. The missions are listed below, with the missions related to energy efficiency described in further detail. National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE) (mission 7): The NMEEE consists of four initiatives to enhance energy efficiency in energy intensive industries. The plan recommends mandating specific energy consumption decreases in large energy-using industries, including a system for companies to trade energy-savings certificates. It also highlights the use of incentives, including reduced taxes on energy-efficient appliances. Finally, it recommends financing for public-private partnerships for demand-side management (DSM) programmes that reduce energy consumption in the municipal, buildings and agricultural sectors. This is enabled through the following four mechanisms.The Perform, Achieve and Trade (PAT) scheme -is a regulatory instrument to reduce specific energy consumption in energy intensive industries, with an associated market based mechanism to enhance the cost effectiveness through certification of excess energy savings, which can be traded. Market Transformation for Energy Efficiency (MTEE) -aims to help accelerate the shift to energy efficient appliances in designated sectors through innovative measures such as incentives and innovative business models. The Energy Efficiency Financing Platform (EEFP) -provides a platform to interact with financial institutions and project developers for implementation of energy efficiency projects. The Framework for Energy Efficient Economic Development (FEEED) -encompasses the development of fiscal instruments to leverage finance for energy efficiency through risk mitigation and provision of equity investment. National Mission for Sustainable Habitat (mission 1): The plan seeks to promote energy efficiency as an essential component of urban planning. It calls for extending the Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC), and emphasises urban waste management and recycling, including power production from waste. In the transport sector it calls for stronger enforcement of automotive fuel economy standards, using pricing measures to encourage the purchase of efficient vehicles, and providing incentives for the use of public transportation Other missions include the National Water Mission (2), National Mission for Sustaining the Himalayan Ecosystem (3), National Mission for a Green India (4), National Mission for Sustainable agriculture (5), National Mission on Strategic Knowledge for Climate Change (6), and the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) (8).

Want to know more about this policy ? Learn more