This law establishes state ownership over mineral resources. It further outlines that the state shall safeguard the rational development and utilisation of mineral resources.
Article 26 states that before a mining enterprise (which includes conventional oil and gas extraction) is established, the approval authority shall examine its application as to the limits of its mining area, design or mining plan, production technique and safety measures in accordance with the law and relevant state provisions. Article 31 conditions the exploration of mineral resources upon abiding to legal provisions for labour safety and hygiene and ensuring safety in production.
This regulation does not contain specific requirements regarding methane emissions in particular, but applies to oil and gas undertakings. Furthermore, it has provisions pertaining to relevant taxes, necessary authorisations, and penalties for non-compliance.