WEO Week: Sectoral transitions to new energy industries

Trucks & buses

Tailpipe CO2 emissions from heavy-duty vehicles have increase on average 2.2% annually since 2000. Trucks account for more than 80% of this growth. Vehicle efficiency standards, together with efforts to improve logistics and operational efficiency, are needed to slow growing emissions.

Trucks Buses Jpg

Key findings

CO2 emissions from heavy-duty vehicles in the Sustainable Development Scenario, 2000-2030


Momentum has been growing around policy coverage for heavy-duty vehicles

Emissions from trucks and buses have risen by around 2.6% annually since 2000. While policy coverage for heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) still lags behind that for cars and vans, momentum has been growing. With new policies adopted in India in 2018, and with benchmarking for the EU HDV CO2 standards beginning in July 2019, an estimated 70% of HDVs sold worldwide in 2019 were in markets that had fuel economy and CO2 emissions standards in place, compared with less than 50% in 2016. To achieve the SDS, more countries must adopt standards – and existing ones must become more comprehensive and stringent. Green freight programmes, which track and promote efficient truck operations and technologies, can help fleets and owners/operators spread best practices and share information. In urban settings, rapid electrification (especially of buses, but increasingly also of medium- and heavy-duty trucks) will help.
Our work

The mission of the AMF TCP is to advance the understanding and appreciation of the potential of advanced motor fuels towards transport sustainability. This is achieved by providing sound information and technology assessments designed to facilitate informed and science-based decisions regarding advanced motor fuels at all levels of decision-making.

The Combustion TCP provides a forum for interdisciplinary exchange and enables international collaborative research to advance the understanding of combustion processes to: accelerate the development of combustion technologies that demonstrate reduced fuel consumption and have lower pollutant emissions in transportation, power generation, industry and buildings, and; generate, compile and disseminate independent information, expertise and knowledge related to combustion for the research community, industry, policy makers and society.