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Global EV Policy Explorer

Key policies and measures that support the deployment of electric and zero-emission vehicles

The table highlights key policies and measures that support the deployment of electric vehicles (EVs) and zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs) for light-duty and heavy-duty vehicles. It summarises current measures as well as announced targets and ambitions by region and country. These policies and measures take a variety of forms, e.g. fuel economy standards, CO2 emissions standards, deployment roadmaps, and sales or stock targets and ambitions. The table does not include fiscal measures such as subsidies, tax incentives, carbon taxes or similar policy instruments.

The policies and measures are structured in three categories:

  • Legislation: legally binding commitments such as regulations and standards.
  • Targets: announced government targets incorporated in legislation, budgetary commitments, Nationally Determined Contributions to the Paris Climate Agreement or national climate plans such as those submitted by member states to the European Union.
  • Ambitions: government goals or objectives (also known as unofficial targets) as set out in a policy document such as a deployment roadmap or strategy.

Acronyms used in the table:

EVs = electric vehicles, which include battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). HEVs = hybrid electric vehicles. Electrified vehicles include BEVs, PHEVs and HEVs. ZEVs = zero-emissions vehicles, which include BEVs, PHEVs and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs). NEV = new energy vehicle (China) and includes BEVs, PHEVs and FCEVs. LDV = light-duty vehicle (cars and vans); MDV = medium-duty vehicle; HDV = heavy-duty vehicle. GHG = greenhouse gases. CO2 = carbon dioxide. g/km = grammes per kilometre. g CO2/km = grammes of carbon dioxide per kilometre. L/km = litres per kilometre. kWh/km = kilowatt-hour per kilometre. WLTP = Worldwide Harmonized Light Vehicle Test Procedure. NEDC = New European Driving Cycle. JCO8 = Japan emissions test cycle. OEM = original equipment manufacturer. MY = model year. CNG = compressed natural gas. LPG = liquefied petroleum gas. ICE = internal combustion engine. CAFE = corporate average fuel economy.

The table indicates countries that are members of the Electric Vehicle Initiative (EVI). The EVI is a multi-governmental policy forum established in 2010 under the Clean Energy Ministerial. Recognising the opportunities offered by electric vehicles, the EVI is dedicated to accelerating the adoption of EVs worldwide. To do so, it strives to better understand the policy challenges related to electric mobility, help governments address them and to serve as a platform for knowledge sharing.