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EV Life Cycle Assessment Calculator

Explore and compare the lifecycle emissions of conventional and electric cars and the effect of changing variables such as vehicle size

What is a Life Cycle Assessment?

Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a methodology used to evaluate the environmental impacts of a product, process or service throughout its entire lifecycle. This type of assessment analyses factors such as resource consumption, emissions and waste generation to inform more sustainable decision-making. This tool focuses specifically on the GHG emissions of passenger cars.  

Using the LCA tool

This tool allows you to select and change the most important characteristics for conventional (internal combustion engine), plug-in hybrid and electric cars in selected world regions and countries. For all the vehicles, you can select the size, annual driving distance and lifetime. By clicking through the tabs below, you will be able to set powertrain-specific assumptions, such as the battery size, as well as adjusting assumptions about energy supply, such as the emissions intensity of electricity production, or the vehicle fuel consumption. 

The tool uses assumptions for the other inputs needed, consistent with IEA modelling. These are explained in the tooltips for each control and in the methodology below.

Please email us at to provide feedback or suggestions on the tool.

The EV Life Cycle Assessment Calculator was developed under the Global Environment Facility (GEF)-funded Global E-Mobility Programme to Support Countries with a Shift to Electric Mobility.

Supported by

  • Global Environment Facility (GEF)

    The work could not have been achieved without the financial support provided by GEF and with the input from many of the partners and experts. Highlighted above in particular, we would like to acknowledge the UN Environment as the lead implementing agency under the Programme and all their efforts with coordinating the preparations, planning and roll-out of its activities.

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