Detailed, complete, timely and reliable statistics are essential to monitor the energy situation at a country level as well as at an international level. Energy statistics on supply, trade, stocks, transformation and demand are indeed the basis for any sound energy policy decision.

The main objectives of this manual are to identify the main sectoral indicators and the data needed to develop these indicators; and to make surveying, metering and modeling practices existing all around the world available to all.

This manual has been developed with a companion document, Energy Efficiency Indicators: Essentials for Policy Making, as a starting point towards enabling policymakers to understand where greater efficiency is needed, to implement appropriate policies and to measure their impact. The ultimate goal is to make improved energy efficiency not only a concept but a reality.

The International Recommendations for Energy Statistics provide data compilers with a complete set of recommendations covering all aspects of the statistical production process, from basic concepts, definitions and classifications to data sources, data compilation strategies, energy balances, data quality and statistical dissemination.

The JODI-Oil Manual is a training tool designed to disseminate the data transparency message and clarify the definitions and methodologies utilised in the submission of JODI-Oil (Joint Organisations Data Initiative Oil) data.

The purpose of this manual is to provide data collectors and users with a full explanation of the methodology and definitions used in the JODI Oil questionnaire. Moreover it was deemed useful to supply some background information on how oil is produced, refined, etc.

The JODI-Gas Manual is also designed to advocate awareness for importance of energy data transparency and clarify definitions of natural gas and its flows in the value chain covered in the JODI-Gas Questionnaire.

The manual also covers data verification methodologies to help professionals completing the JODI-Gas data reporting.

This manual was written by the IEA for experts who collect and issue national RD&D data and submit responses to IEA RD&D surveys; it is mainly intended as a reference document.

Energy efficiency is a growing policy priority for many countries around the world. It is widely recognised as the most cost-effective and readily available means to address numerous energy-related issues, including energy security, the social and economic impacts of high energy prices and concerns about climate change. At the same time, energy efficiency increases competitiveness and promotes consumer welfare.

In this context, it is important to develop and maintain well-founded indicators to better inform policy making and help decision makers formulate policies that are best suited to domestic and/or international objectives. Yet, choosing and developing appropriate indicators to support the development of policies is not straightforward. This publication and its companion document Energy Efficiency Indicators: Fundamentals on Statistics are intended to provide the necessary tools to initiate and/or further develop in-depth indicators to support the decision-making process.

The Energy Data report presents actions for G20 countries and beyond to boost the quality and comprehensiveness of energy data to support energy policies, in a more and more digitalized, decentralised and consumer focused world, as well as energy market transparency, and was prepared in collaboration of IEF, IRENA and OLADE.

This cartography has been developed by the EPO and the IEA to identify patent applications related to technologies contributing to the exploration for and extraction of fossil fuels, as well as their transformation and the delivery of fossil fuel products to users.