Tracking progress is essential to reaching our climate and sustainable development goals. The IEA's Net Zero by 2050 Scenario lays out a narrow but achievable pathway to net zero emissions by mid-century. Accurate and up-to-date indicators are essential to measure how the world is stacking up next to this challenge, and to determine where to channel investment and policy attention.
No single indicator can fully capture the complexity of the global clean energy transition, but the following set of indicators unpack the underlying drivers of energy supply and demand that determine the energy sector’s contribution to CO2 emissions. Taken together, they provide a picture of where we are now, and what trajectories we are on at a global, regional, national and sectoral level.
These indicators build on years of work at the IEA to analyze and chart the energy transition, and the impact of the energy sector on emissions, and provide recommendations and solutions to policy makers based on accurate data and objective analysis. This page provides an entry point into our wide range of reports and data on this critical topic.
Global energy-related CO2 emissions
Global emissions by technology and sector
Carbon intensity of electricity generation
Electrifying road transport
Investment in energy supplies and technologies
Pandemic recovery spending
Public investment in low-carbon research and development
Emissions per capita
Carbon intensity of power generation
Renewables share in electricity generation
Expanding access to electricity
Learn more about energy access in SDG7: Data and Projections.
Share of electricity in final consumption
Global EV Outlook 2022
Sustainable Recovery Tracker
Monitoring progress towards sustainable recoveries from the Covid-19 crisis
SDG7: Data and Projections
Access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
Global Energy Review: CO2 Emissions in 2021
Global emissions rebound sharply to highest ever level
Scaling up renewables in the Java-Bali power system: A case study
India’s clean energy transition is rapidly underway, benefiting the entire world
The potential of digital business models in the new energy economy
Speeding efficiency gains and increasing demand-side flexibility
Analysis and forecast to 2024